Shallow creep on the Haiyuan Fault (Gansu, China) revealed by SAR Interferometry - ENS - École normale supérieure Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth Année : 2012

Shallow creep on the Haiyuan Fault (Gansu, China) revealed by SAR Interferometry


Interferometric synthetic aperture radar data are used to map the interseismic velocity field along the Haiyuan fault system (HFS), at the north‐eastern boundary of the Tibetan plateau. Two M ∼ 8 earthquakes ruptured the HFS in 1920 and 1927, but its 260 km‐long central section, known as the Tianzhu seismic gap, remains unbroken since ∼1000 years. The Envisat SAR data, spanning the 2003–2009 period, cover about 200 × 300 km2 along three descending and two ascending tracks. Interferograms are processed using an adapted version of ROI_PAC. The signal due to stratified atmospheric phase delay is empirically corrected together with orbital residuals. Mean line‐of‐sight velocity maps are computed using a constrained time series analysis after selection of interferograms with low atmospheric noise. These maps show a dominant left‐lateral motion across the HFS, and reveal a narrow, 35 km‐long zone of high velocity gradient across the fault in between the Tianzhu gap and the 1920 rupture. We model the observed velocity field using a discretized fault creeping at shallow depth and a least squares inversion. The inferred shallow slip rate distribution reveals aseismic slip in between two fully locked segments. The average creep rate is ∼5 mm yr−1, comparable in magnitude with the estimated loading rate at depth, suggesting no strain accumulation on this segment. The modeled creep rate locally exceeds the long term rate, reaching 8 mm yr−1, suggesting transient creep episodes. The present study emphasizes the need for continuous monitoring of the surface velocity in the vicinity of major seismic gaps in terms of seismic hazard assessment.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Journal_of_Geophysical_Research_2012_Jolivet.pdf (3.35 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origine Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Dates et versions

hal-02169770 , version 1 (18-07-2019)



Romain Jolivet, Cécile Lasserre, Marie-Pierre Doin, Stéphane Guillaso, Gilles Peltzer, et al.. Shallow creep on the Haiyuan Fault (Gansu, China) revealed by SAR Interferometry. Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth, 2012, 117 (B6), pp.B06401. ⟨10.1029/2011JB008732⟩. ⟨hal-02169770⟩
119 Consultations
189 Téléchargements



Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More