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Communication Dans Un Congrès Année : 2012

Josephson parametric amplifiers for quantum information processing


Nowadays, it is possible to control and measure the quantum state of systems with a few degrees of freedom, whether they are microscopic objects like cold atoms and single photons, or macroscopic objects like superconducting circuits. Such delicate experiments require an interface which bridges the gap of orders of magnitudes in energy between the quantum object and the data acquisition system. This problem is solved by an active device: the amplifier. Although the amplifier is necessary to overcome the noise at the stage of data acquisition, it eventually alters the signal. We have developed an amplifier for microwave signals which adds only the minimum of noise allowed by quantum laws: the equivalent of half a photon of noise referred to the input. Our amplifier is based on a superconducting circuit of Josephson junctions in superconducting resonators. We found a way to make it practical to use by tuning its center frequency over 500 MHz. We are now trying to increase its bandwidth for a given gain using more compact resonators. In this talk, I will show how the amplifier works and also its applications to quantum information processing. This circuit can be used to generate and combine twin microwave photons within an integrated circuit. Finally, I will show that such an amplifier allows real time measurement of the state of a qubit and quantum feedback protocols.
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Dates et versions

hal-00684923 , version 1 (03-04-2012)


  • HAL Id : hal-00684923 , version 1


Benjamin Huard, Emmanuel Flurin, Nicolas Roch, Philippe Campagne-Ibarcq, François Mallet, et al.. Josephson parametric amplifiers for quantum information processing. Journées Supra 2012, Apr 2012, Cargèse, France. ⟨hal-00684923⟩
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